Meteorologic conditions in India

Bez kategorii / Tuesday, December 3rd, 2019

Climate of India

Geographical position

The main part of the area of India ( *Indian visa) is in the sub equatorial region. The main characteristic of this area is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon coming from the Indian Ocean gives rains to India. They heighten in early June on the west coast and in mid-June on the east coastline. If moving over the Arabian Sea and also the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and also move in a northwest direction.

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Monsoon period

Rising over a Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons move at a pace of 5-7 m/s, leading to heavy rain. Thunder or wind storms fall on the hills of the mountains in June. However later they calm down, and during the time from late September to mid-October rain falls generally, stop. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows from the land side. It makes the weather cold and sun-drenched.

Weather seasons

According to data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and also winds, we can separate the calendar year in to 3 major weather seasons.

In November – February, once the northeastern monsoon dominates, it is chilly and sunshiny. In March, the temperature slowly rises.The dry period lasts from the end of March to June. By the end of June, the humidity increases. As well as the weather of Indian plains will become rainy.The time from July to mid-September will be the summer monsoon period. It is a time of wet tropical weather. The south-westerly winds combine with high temperatures.October is a transitional period. The air humidity is high because of evaporation from the surface of the fields. But the rains end.

Contrast climate

There are actually differences in temperature as well as weather in various parts of India. The country covers a huge location, and every location has yet another terrain. Therefore, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation doesn’t go over 100 mm. And at Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is around 10 770 mm of rainfall per year. It is one of the wettest places on Earth.

The monsoon climate is attribute of the coast of the Arabian Sea. The very coldest time is from December to February. Simultaneously, there is fewer rain. The hottest period is from May to June. However even high temperatures are tolerated quite easily because the air is dry, relative humidity, even in the morning, does not exceed 60%. Winds boost clouds of dust and turn the horizon a dirty yellow.

The start the monsoon in June starts with the greater wind and cloud cover. The period lasts until September. During most times of the month, it rains often and lightly. The month to month rainfall in the wettest month – July exceeds 600 mm. Cloudy weather decreases the temperature by 3-5 degrees.

Himalayan climate

In the hills of the Himalayas, the climate depends on the height above sea level. Soat altitudes through 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimum temp is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and also the average maximum temperature is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest time of the year lasts from June to August: the standard minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the average optimum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). Summer time monsoon doesn’t appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you will see, the weather of India varies greatly depending on the area, its distance from the Ocean, as well as its altitude. We could not compare Himalayan climate to other parts of India. These mountains are really high and have a unique climate.

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